Medword Resources: Medical Abbreviations

Medical Abbreviations: A-C

These are just some of the many abbreviations that medical transcriptionists must use in their daily work. There are thousands of abbreviations in medicine with regional and international variations as well as abbreviations sometimes having more than one meaning. This is why a reference book of abbreviations is considered a “must have” book for MTs. Most professional MTs wouldn't think of working without their Stedman's Book of Abbreviations, Acronyms, & Symbols.

ABG arterial blood gases
ACE angiotensin converting enzyme
ACTH adrenocorticotrophic hormone
ADH antidiuretic hormone
AF atrial fibrillation
AI aortic insufficiency
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
ALL acute lymphoblastic lycaemia
ALT alanine transaminase
AML acute myeloid leucaemia
ANA antinculear antibody
ANF antinuclear factor
ARDS adult respiratory distress syndrome
ARF acute renal failure
AS aortic stenosis
ASAP as soon as possible
ASD atrial septal defect
ASO antistreptolysin O
AST aspartate transaminase
ATN acute tubular necrosis
AXR abdominal X-ray
BC blood culture
bid twice daily
BMT bone marrow transplant
BP blood pressure
BS bowel sounds or breath sounds
BUN blood urea nitrogen
Bx biopsy
c cum ("with," in Latin)
C&S culture and sensitivity
c/o complaining of
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CAPD chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
CBD common bile duct
CCF congestive cardiac failure
CCU coronary care unit
CEA carcinoembryonic enzyme
CF cystic fibrosis
CMV cytomegalyvirus
CNS central nervous system
COAD chronic obstructive airway disease
COLD chronic obstructive lung disease
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CP chest pain
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRF chronic renal failure
CS Caesarean section
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CT computerized tomography
CVA cerebrovascular accident
CVP central venous pressure
CVS cardiovascular system
CXR chest X-ray
Cy cyanosis


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